Welcome to Greensboro, NC

Greensboro History

Saura and Keyauwee Indians were the earliest inhabitants of Piedmont North Carolina. The first settlers in the Greensboro area were mostly Germans, Quakers of Welsh and English descent and Scotch-Irish who came to the Piedmont from Norsthern colonies. These pioneers worked the land and shaped the future for generations to come. Permanent settlement began around 1740.

To thwart the invasion of North Carolina by 1,900 redcoats under Lord Cornwallis, American Major General Nathanael Greene deployed 4,400 rebels in three battle lines at Guilford Courthouse on March 15, 1781. Cornwallis held the field after an intense, two-hour fight, but lost one-quarter of his army, which hastened his eventual defeat at Yorktown seven months later.

In 1807, the residents of the area voted to create a new, more centrally located seat of government. The following year, elected officials mapped out a 42-acre tract of land, paid $98 to purchase it and suggested that it be named Greensborough after the patriot commander Nathanael Greene.

The new town prospered and it wasn’t long before it became a center for educational and economic opportunities. Greensboro was and continues to be a “chosen center.” 

Official Beginnings

  • Greensboro: 1808
  • Guilford County: 1771

Area

  • Greensboro: 131.75 square miles
  • Guilford County: 650.75 square miles

Population

  • Greensboro: 260,083
  • Guilford County: 468,344
  • Greensboro Metropolitan Statistical Area: 714,765 (2009)

Elevation

897 feet

Average Yearly Temperature

Maximum: 68.7 deg F
Minimum: 47.6 deg F

Average Yearly Rainfall

50.24 inches

Average Yearly Snowfall

3.8 inches

Government

Council/Manager Form – City Council comprises an elected mayor and eight elected council members (nonpartisan).